” Given that Title IX permits a gender-separate legal structure for athletic participation, can women’s sports achieve equal social status in the athletic department and the campus community? ”
The final paper should contain approximately 2,500 words , APA(not including references, tables, figures, or appendices), double
-spaced, typewritten, following the American Psychological Association (6
th edition) guidelines for paper style.
Students are required to include a minimum of 10 scholarly sources (not including the assigned textbook).
(1) identify the topic and problem statement;
(2) introduce main points; and
(3) highlight related literature on topic.
II. Synthesis of Literature (10 scholarly sources)
a. Although there has been a long history of women�s equality, it is always difficult for women to obtain equal rights and social position.
b. Identification of the problem addressed in the paper : Given that Title IX permits a gender-separate legal structure for athletic participation, can women�s sports achieve equal social status in the athletic department and the campus community? (consider statistical data and examples from personal experiences)
c. Brief description of the significance of the problem: to recognize the situation of women in sports and some inequalities they have suffered. Therefore, some theories are developed to help female athletes achieve equality.
d. State the purpose of the paper and what you plan to accomplish in the
paragraphs that follow. This should be made explicit.
II. Literature Review
a. Analyze and interpret the bodies of related literature (10) for the identified problem. Organize the studies/literature by
targeted population, theme, and/or topic.: Wage gap between male and female athletes/Opportunity�..
a. Provide a conclusion as well as bold and sensible recommendations that are
supported by related literature:
1. Acosta, R. V. & Carpenter, L. (2012). Women in intercollegiate sport: A longitudinal
national study 35 year update: 1977�2012. Retrieved from www.acostacarpenter.org
2. Branch, T. (2011). The shame of college sports. The Atlantic Monthly 308(3), 80�110.
Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2011/10/the-shame-ofcollege-sports/308643/
3. Johnson, J. K. (1994). Title IX and intercollegiate athletics: Current judicial interpretation
of the standards for compliance. Boston University Law Review, 74, 553�589.
4. Pascarella, E. T., Edison, M., Hagedorn, L. S. Nora, A., & Terenzini, P. T. (1996). Influences of students� internal locus of attribution for academic success in the first year of college. Research in Higher Education, 37(6), 731-753.
5. Pascarella, E., & Terenzini, P. (1991). How college affects students: Findings and
insights from twenty years of research. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
6. Pascarella, E. T., and Terenzini, P. T. (2005). How College Affects Students. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
7. Sedlacek, W., & Adams-Gaston, J. (1992). Predicting the academic success of student-athletes using SAT and noncognitive variables. Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 724-727.
8. Sellers, R. (1992). Racial differences in the predictors for academic achievement of studentathletes in Division I revenue producing sports. Sociology of Sport Journal, 9, 48-59.
9. Yopyk, D., & Prentice, D. (2005). Am I an athlete or a student? Identity salience and stereotypethreat in student-athletes. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 27(4),
10. Zimbalist, A. (1999). Unpaid professionals: Commercialism and conflict in big-time college
sports. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.